眼科常用縮寫
AAU  acute anterior uveitis  急性前葡萄膜炎
AC  anterior chamber  前房
AION  anterior ischemic optic neuropathy  前缺血性視神經病變
ARC  abnormal retinal correspondence  異常視網膜相稱
ARMD  age related macular degeneration  老年性黃斑部病變
AS  anterior synechiae  虹膜前粘連
BDR  background diabetic retinopathy  基底性糖尿病視網膜病變
BRAO  branch retinal artery occlusion  視網膜動脈分支阻塞
BRVO  branch retinal vein occlusion  視網膜靜脈分支阻塞
C/D  cup/disk ratio  視凹/視神經盤比率
CACG  chronic angle-closure glaucoma  慢性隅角閉鎖性青光眼
CF or ND counting finger, number of digits  手指數
CME  cystoid macular edema  囊狀黃斑部水腫
CO  cortical opacity  水晶體皮質混濁
CRAO  central retinal artery occlusion  中心性視網膜動脈阻塞
CRVO  central retinal vein occlusion  中心性視網膜靜脈阻塞
CSCR  central serous chorioretinopathy  中心性漿液性脈絡膜視網膜病變
CNV  choroidal neovascular membrane  脈絡膜新生血管膜
D  diopter  折光能力指數
DCR  dacryocystorhinostomy  淚囊鼻腔吻合術
ECCE  extracapsular cataract extraction  囊外晶體摘除術
EKC  epidemic keratoconjunctivitis  流行性角膜炎
EOG  electro-oculogram  眼電圖
EOM  extraocular movement  眼外肌運動
ERG  electroretinogram  視網膜電位圖
ET  esotropia  內斜視
F’D  fundus 眼底
FAG  fluorescein angiogram  眼底螢光血管攝影
GFE  gas-fluid exchange  氣體液體交換術
GPC  giant papillary conjunctivitis  巨大乳頭結膜炎
HM  hand motion  手動
HCL  hard contact lens  硬式隱型眼鏡
HSK  herpetic simplex keratitis 單純性皰疹角膜炎
HZO  herpes zoster ophthalmics  帶狀皰疹眼症
ICCE  intracapsular cataract extraction  囊內晶體摘除術
IOFB  intraocular foreign body  眼內異物
IOL  intraocular lens  人工水晶體
IOM  inferior oblique muscle  下斜肌
IOP   intraocular pressure  眼內壓
IVI  intravitreous injection  玻璃體內注射
KP  keratic precipitate  角膜沉澱物
KSD  keratitis superficial diffuse  表淺性散在性角膜炎
LP or SL  light perception, sensation of light  光感
LPI  laser peripheral iridectomy  雷射周邊虹膜切開術
LR  light reflex  光反射
LRM  lateral rectus muscle  外直肌
NC noncorrectable 無法矯正
MRM medial rectus muscle
內直肌
NLD nasolacrimal duct
鼻淚管
NLP or NSL no light perception, sensation of light
無光感
NRC normal retinal correspondence
異常視網膜相稱
NS nuclersclerosis
水晶體核硬化
NVD neovascularization on disk
視神經乳頭新生血管
NVE neovascularization elsewhere
視網膜新生血管(NVD以外)
NVG neovascular glaucoma
新生血管性青光眼
OD right eye, oculus dexter
右眼
OS left eye, oculus sinister
左眼
OU both eyes, oculi utrque
雙眼
PACG primary angle-closure glaucoma
原發性隅角閉鎖性青光眼
PAS peripheral anterior synechiae 周邊虹膜前粘連
PC posterior chamber
後房
PD interpupillary distance
瞳孔間距
PDR proliferative diabetic retinopathy
增殖性糖尿病視網膜病變
PH pin hole
針孔
PI peripheral iridectomy
周邊虹膜切除術
PK penetrating keratoplasty
全層角膜移植術
PKP penetrating keratoplasty
全層角膜移植術
POAG primary open angle glaucoma
原發性隅角開放性青光眼
PP posterior pole
後極
PPDR pre-PDR
早期增殖性糖尿病視網膜病變
PRP panretinal photocoagulation
全視網膜光凝固術
PS posterior synechiae
後粘連
PSCO posterior subcapsular opacity
後晶體束下混濁
PT pterygium
翼狀贅片
PVD posterior vitreous detachment
後玻璃體剝離
PVR proliferative vitreoretinopathy
增殖性玻璃體視網膜病變
RAPD relative afferent papillary defect
相對性傳入性瞳孔反射缺損
RD retinal detachment
視網膜剝離
RK radial keratotomy
放射狀角膜切開術
ROP retinal pigment epithelium
早產兒視網膜病變
RP retinitis pigmentosa
色素性視網膜炎
RPE retinal pigment epithelium
視網膜色素上皮
RPED RPE detachment
視網膜色素上皮剝離
SB scleral buckling 鞏膜扣壓術
SCH subconjunctival hemorrhage
結膜下出血
SCL soft contact lens
軟性隱型眼鏡
SF6 sulphur hexafluoride
六氟化硫
SOM superuior oblique muscle
上斜肌
SPK superficial punctate keratitis
表淺點狀角膜炎
SRF subretinal fluid
視網膜下液體
SRNV subretinal neovascularization
視網膜下新生血管
VA visual acuity
視力
VEP visual evoked potential
視力激發電位
VF visual field
視野
VH vitreous hemorrhage
玻璃體出血
VKH vogt-koyonagi-harada syndrome VKH
症候群
VT vitretomy
玻璃體切除術
XT exotropia
外斜視
眼科字彙
眼眶 orbita, orbit, orbital cavity
眼球 bulbus oculi, eyeball, globe
眼球突出 exophthalmos, exophthalmic
眼球凹陷 enophthalmos
斜視 strabismus, squint
散開性()斜視 divergent (external) strabismus
會聚性()斜視 convergent (internal) strabismus
共動性(麻痺性)斜視 concomitant (paralytic) strabismus
眼球震顫 nystagmus
水平(垂直、回旋、鐘擺狀)眼震 horizontal(verticalrotatoryoscillating) nystagmus
端位性眼震 end-position nystagmus
隱斜視 heterophoria
外轉隱斜視 exophoria, exophoric
內轉隱斜視 esophoria
會聚 convergence
眼球運動麻痺 paralysis of ocular movement
眼瞼 eyelid, palpebra, (「眼瞼-」blepharo-)
眼裂 palpebral fissure
眼瞼下垂 ptosis
眼瞼內翻 entropion, entropium, inversion of the eyelid
眼瞼外翻 ectropion, ectropium, eversion of the eyelid
眼瞼炎 blepharitis
麥粒腫 hordeolum
霰粒腫 chalazion
睫毛 eyelash
睙腺() lacrimal gland (duct)
結膜 conjunctiva
眼瞼結膜 palpebral (bulbar) conjunctiva
結膜充血 conjunctival injection(congestion)
結膜浮腫 chemosis
角膜周圍充血 pericorneal injection
瞼裂斑 pinguecula, palpebral blotch
翼狀片 pterygium
鞏膜 sclera, sceral
角膜 cornea, corneal
老人環 arcus senilis, gerontotoxon
瞳孔 pupil
瞳孔不等 anisocoria
散瞳 mydriasis, mydriatic, dilated
縮瞳 miosis, miotic, contracted
瞳孔反射 papillary reflex
對光反射 light reflex, reaction(response)to light
調節反射 accommodation reflex
會聚反射 reflex to convergence
虹膜 iris, irises or irides
前房蓄膿 hypopyon
水晶體不透明 opacity of the len, lenticular opacity
白內障 cataract
玻璃體 vitreous, vitreous body
眼底 (ocular)fundus, eyeground
網膜 retina
視神經乳頭 optic papilla, optic disk
黃斑macula lutea, macula, macular
乳頭浮腫 papilledema, choked disk
乳頭凹陷 cupping of the disk
視神經乳萎縮 optic atrophy
網膜剝離 detachment(separation) of the retina
弱視 amblyopia(=dimness of vision without detectable organic ldsion)
眼睛疲勞 asthenopia
視野缺損visual field defedt
視野狹窄 contraction of visual field
盲點 scotoma
半盲 hemianopsia
視力 visual acuity, eyesight, vision
視力喪失 lose one’s sight (eyesight), become blind
失明 loss of vision, blindness
視力減退 impairment of visual acuity, impaired vision, fogginess(dimness) of vision, poor
(defective)vision, blurring (of vision)
視野 field of vision, visual field
近視 near-sightedness, myopia, myopy, near-sighted, myopic
近視者 myope
遠視 far-sightedness, hypermetropia, hyperopia
遠視者 hypermetrope, hyperope
折射異常 refractive error
亂視 astigmatism, astigmatic
戴眼鏡wear glasses
以眼鏡矯正 correct (a refractive error) with glasses
複視 diplopia, doulble vision
夜盲 night-blindness, nyctalopia
眼睛疲勞 eyestrain
流淚 tears flow(fall)
流淚過多 overflow of tears, epiphora
異物感 foreign body sensation, a feeling of something (in the eye), grittiness,
進砂感 sandiness
眼脂 discharge from the eye, eye mucus
眨眼 blink, blinking
怕光 photophobia, abnormal intolerance of light, inability to stand light
結膜炎 conjunctivitis
砂眼 trachoma
CCAG: (CACG chronic angle-closure glaucoma 慢性隅角閉鎖性青光眼??) 閉角型青光眼
POAG: (primary open angle glaucoma
原發性隅角開放性青光眼) 開角型青光眼
BDR: (background diabetic retinopathy
基底性糖尿病視網膜病變) 糖尿病視網膜病變前期
PDR: (PDR proliferative diabetic retinopathy
增殖性糖尿病視網膜病變) 糖尿病視網膜病變後期
VH: (VH vitreous hemorrhage
玻璃體出血 ) <-??-> 糖尿病視網膜病變嚴重
CF: (counting finger
手指數) 手指數
HM: (hang motion
手動 ) 手動
LP: (light perception
光感) 光感
NLP: (no light perception
無光感) 無光感(失明)
 
PVD posterior vitreous detachment 後玻璃體剝離(飛蚊症)
RD
視網膜剝離Retinal Detachment
Dry eye
乾眼症
PT pterygium
翼狀贅片(眼翳)